Keep the Klamath River Wild!
|Low-severity fire from the Happy Camp Fire Complex in the Marble Mountain Wilderness at the headwaters of Wooley Creek, one of northern California’s wildest old-growth habitats.|
This past summer three large fires — the Happy Camp, Whites and Beaver Fires
— burned over 218,600 acres in the Klamath River watershed. The Happy Camp and
Whites Fires burned in a natural mosaic, including over 70% low to very low
severity fire. These fires burned in roadless wildlands, Late Successional
Reserves (LSR), botanical areas, logged-over matrix lands, and both the Russian
and Marble Mountain Wilderness Areas. The Beaver Fire, on the other hand,
burned in forests largely converted to tree plantations, large portions of which are private timber land. Consequently, the fire
severity was highest in the Beaver Fire, with 40% of the fire area effected by
high severity fire; nearly double that of the Whites or Happy Camp Fires.
|Many private timber lands supporting plantation stands burned at high severity in the Beaver Fire. The Westside Fire Recovery Project proposes to create tens of thousands of plantation stands through salvage logging and tree planting, both activities that will impair natural recovery and increase fuel hazards in the post-fire landscape.|
Klamath National Forest has responded to these fires by proposing the Westside
Fire Recovery Project, a massive “salvage” logging project that would convert
tens of thousands of acres into highly flammable tree plantations. The Draft Environmental
Impact Statement (DEIS) has been released and the agency is accepting public comment
until April 27, 2015.
Although the agency is calling this a “recovery project,” it is
unclear what the project will recover beyond timber volume (i.e. financial recovery) through clear-cut salvage logging in fire-effected forests. The clear-cut logging and
conversion of fire-effected stands into tree plantations will not only
drastically increase fire hazards, but will also significantly impact watershed
values, at-risk salmon populations, wildlife, natural forest habitats,
post-fire recovery and old-growth forest reserves.
|Naturally regenerating post-fire habitat in the Kalmiopsis Wilderness Area. This area was effected by high severity fire, but was not salvage logged in the Biscuit Fire Recovery Project.|
|This stand, directly adjacent to the photo above, was salvage logged in the Biscuit Fire Recovery Project.|
The Proposed Action is identified as Alternative 2 in the Draft Environmental
Impact Statement. Alternative 2 proposes 11,700 acres of salvage logging, the
majority of which would be clear-cut logging. The proposal includes roadside
hazard logging on 650 miles of road, equaling 16,600 acres of linear clear-cuts
along Forest Service roads. In past salvage logging projects the agency has logged 200′
swaths on both sides of the road; however, in the Westside Project, the agency
now proposes widening the logged area to 250′ on either side of the road,
making a 500′ swath of clear-cut forest that winds across 650 miles of road on
the Klamath National Forest. The project would also build 23 miles of
“temporary” roads to facilitate salvage logging. Conversely, those
units not accessed by roads will be helicopter logged, a logging system that
the agency admits will create the largest fire hazard due to a significant
increase in logging slash.
The proposal includes significant impacts to sensitive wildlife species,
including the removal of 1,205 acres of nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat
for the northern spotted owl. There will also be impacts to bald eagle nesting
sites, connectivity and home range habitat for the Pacific fisher, marten, and
wolverine, as well impacts to key watersheds and highly erosive watersheds such
as Elk Creek, Grider Creek, Tompkins Creek, and other salmon bearing tributaries
of the Klamath, Salmon, and Scott Rivers.
The Klamath National Forest
has declared an “emergency situation determination” to expedite clear-cut logging and reduce the public’s and non-profit
organizations’ abilities to appeal, protest, or litigate the project before cutting
begins. The agency has fast-tracked large-scale logging in the Klamath River
watershed in LSRs, key watersheds, and geologically unstable areas, and they
apparently don’t want to hear what you have to say about it. Perhaps they
should hear loud and clear why many in the local bioregion value the Klamath
River, its forests, wildlife, and fisheries. Please consider commenting on the
project; we need your support to stop one of the largest salvage logging
proposals in the Klamath Mountains since the equally dishonest misnomer, the
Biscuit Fire Recovery Project, which came out of the 2002 Biscuit Fire in the
|Is this what “recovery” looks like? The result of salvage logging and road building at the Babyfoot Lake Trailhead following the Biscuit Fire of 2002. The Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest salvage logged this once magnificent old-growth forest, illegally cutting within the Babyfoot Lake Botanical Area and to the edge of the Kalmiopsis Wilderness Area.|
salvage logging on sensitive granitic soils, active landslides, earth flows, geologic
riparian reserves, and other erosive soil types.
salvage and/or no tree planting units in Late Successional Reserves.
salvage units in Riparian Reserves.
salvage units in special habitat designations such as northern spotted owl
(NSO) activity centers, peregrine falcon or goshawk activity centers.
salvage units in Bald Eagle Management Areas.
salvage in Critical Habitat for NSO.
salvage logging in designated or recommended Wild and Scenic River segments
including N. Fork Salmon River, Grider Creek, Elk Creek, Klamath River, and S.
salvage units in the Grider Creek drainage to protect roadless values,
watershed values, scenic values — such as the Pacific Crest Trail (PCT) — and
connectivity between the Marble Mountains Wilderness and the adjacent LSRs.
salvage units should be proposed in the following watersheds or areas to
protect ecological values, scenic values, and recreational qualities within and
adjacent to large Inventoried Roadless Areas or Wilderness Areas. This would
include the following areas:
Happy Camp Fire: Grider Creek, N. Fork Kelsey Creek, McGuffy Creek, McCarthy
Creek, Kuntz Creek, Mill Creek, Tom Martin Creek, Tom Martin Peak Area, Lake
Mountain Botanical Area, Tyler Meadows Trailhead, Pacific Crest Trail, Cold
Fire: E. Fork Whites Gulch, Sixmile Creek, South Russian Creek, Tanners
salvage units in endemic or rare conifer stands (and their adjacent available
habitat) to allow for natural regeneration. This would include foxtail pine
(Pinus balfouriana), Baker’s cypress (Cupressus bakeri), and Brewer spruce
new roads, either permanent or temporary.
tree planting units; natural regeneration is adequate due to generally small
patch size from high severity fire effects. Seed trees are nearly always
present and regeneration adequate. Plantation style planting will only increase
future fire hazard and should be avoided at all costs.
helicopter units. Activity slash left from helicopter units is very difficult
to cleanup and will increase fire activity in future fires. Likewise, the
economics of helicopter logging necessitates the removal of large, old trees
salvage logging should take place in partially burned stands that sustained
minimal (less than 70%) mortality. Undamaged or partially fire damaged stands
provide disproportionately important roles in ecological recovery and refugia
for the survival of particular biota.
salvage logging in high elevation sites above 6,000’, including mountain
hemlock (Tsuga mertensiana), red fir (Abies magnifica), and white fir (Abies
concolor) plant communities. These habitat types are adapted to long fire
return intervals and relatively high severity fire effects. Scattered snag
patches are natural, and due to the landscape location and short growing
season, will recover slowly and create minimal fuels as succession takes place.
all trees with green foliage. No “bycatch” logging of green trees should occur
in any salvage unit.
salvage units on slopes exceeding 60%
all activity slash.
|Keep the Klamath River wild!|
Listen to Patty Grantham, Klamath National Forest Supervisor, spin the Westside Fire Recovery Project on the Jefferson Exchange radio program.
Listen to George Sexton from KSWild and Craig Tucker from the Karuk Tribe discuss the ecological and social impact of the Westside Fire Recovery Project, in an interview on the Jefferson Exchange radio program.
Forest Service Public Comment Form
Comments are due by April 27th.